TDS Return

TDS return filing is mandatorily required every quarter by all persons and entities who have deducted tax at source. AccessFilings can help prepare and file TDS return from Rs.2399/-

Rs.2399/-
TDS Return
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TDS return filing for Two quarter..

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TDS return filing for Four quarter..

Tax Deducted at Source (TDS) is a system introduced by Income Tax Department, where person responsible for making specified payments such as salary, commission, professional fees, interest, rent, etc. is liable to deduct a certain percentage of tax before making payment in full to the receiver of the payment. As the name suggests, the concept of TDS is to deduct tax at its source. Let us take an example of TDS assuming the nature of payment is professional fees on which specified rate is 10%.

XYZ Ltd makes a payment of Rs 50,000/- towards professional fees to Mr. ABC, then XYZ Ltd shall deduct a tax of Rs 5,000/- and make a net payment of Rs 45,000/- (50,000/- deducted by Rs 5,000/-) to Mr. ABC. The amount of 5,000/- deducted by XYZ Ltd will be directly deposited by XYZ Ltd to the credit of the government.

TAN stands for Tax Deduction Account Number. It is 10 digit alpha numeric number required to be obtained by all persons who are responsible for deducting or collecting tax. Under Section 203A of the Income Tax Act, 1961, it is mandatory to quote Tax Deduction Account Number (TAN) allotted by the Income Tax Department (ITD) on all TDS returns. The procedure for application of TAN is very simple and can be done online by filling up Form 49B.

TDS certificates are issued by the deductor (the person who is deducting tax) to the deductee (the person from whose payment the tax is deducted). There are mainly two types of TDS certificates issued by the deductor.

  1. Form 16: which is issued by the employer to the employee incorporating details of tax deducted by the employer throughout the year, and
  2. Form 16A: which is issued in all cases other than salary.

For example, Mr. Gupta is working as a salaried employee at a company and tax is deducted on his salary @ 15%. The company shall provide Mr. Gupta with a Form 16 describing particulars in detail regarding the amount of salary paid and tax deducted on the same.

However, had Mr. Gupta been working as a professional and received professional fees from an organization which is subject to TDS, then he will be provided Form 16A for the same.

The concept of TDS is based on a simple principle i.e. tax is to be deducted at the time of payment getting due or actual payment whichever is earlier. A set of scenarios for will be helpful in understanding the concept:

Say, ABC Private Limited has to make payment of Rs 50,000/- to Mr. XYZ in exchange of professional services.

Scenario 1:
Mr. XYZ was paid Rs 30,000/- in advance on 15th July. XYZ raised invoice after completion of work on 31st July and rest of payment is to be made.

In such case the company should have deducted tax in the following manner:

On 15th July: Rs 3000/- (@ 10% on advance of Rs 30000/-)

On 31st July: Rs 2000/- (@ 10% of total invoice amount as deducted by tax already deducted i.e. Rs 5000/- deducted by Rs 3000/-)

Scenario 2:
Mr. XYZ raised the invoice on 15th July and was paid whole consideration at one go on 31st July.

In such whole amount of Rs 5000/- shall be deducted on 15th July, the date when payment got due, and a net payment of Rs 45000/- shall be made on 31st July.

 

Scenario 3:
Mr. XYZ is to receive the whole amount of Rs 50,000/- well in advance before completion of the assignment.

In such particular case tax of Rs 5000/- shall be deducted right at the time of payment of advance and no tax is to be deducted at the time of making an entry for the bill due.


Persons responsible for paying salary are liable to deduct tax on estimated salary at prescribed rate of 15% subject to following:

  1. Exemption Limit: No tax is required to be deducted at source unless the estimated salary exceeds basic exemption limit.
  2. Exempt allowances: Allowances such as LTC, HRA, conveyance, travelling exempt as per prescribed limits and other perquisites not forming part of salary should be deducted from total salary while calculating taxable salary.
  3. Other deductions: Other deductions such as deductions under section 80C, 80CCC, 80CCD, 80CCG, 80D, 80DD, 80DDB, 80E, 80EE, etc. should be considered before the calculation of tax on salary.

If after comprehensive calculation of allowable allowances, taxable perquisites and deductions under chapter VI-A, income from salary head exceeds a sum of basic exemption limit, then tax has to be deducted by the employer @ 15% on the amount over and above the basic exemption limit. For example, the salary of Mr. A arrives at Rs 2,80,000/- assuming that all the allowances, perquisites, and deductions have been taken into consideration, tax @ 15% on Rs 30000/- (2,80,000 – 2,50,000) shall be deducted by the employer.

Hence, provisions of TDS shall attract only if minimum salary is above the basic exemption limit.

Yes, if your gross income is well below the basic exemption limit then you can request the person who is responsible for TDS, to not to deduct tax on such income. For doing the same you have to options:

  1. Apply to the Assessing officer under whose jurisdiction you fall in Form 13 to get a certificate approving deduction of tax at a lower rate or NIL rate.
  2. Submit a declaration in Form 15G/15H in which you declare that your income is below the basic exemption limit during the financial year and tax is required to be deducted at source. This certificate has to be submitted every year and non-submission may lead to deduction of tax. Please note that Form 15G is for individuals and Form 15H is for senior citizens.

One major difference between Form 13 and Form 15G/15H is Form 15G/15H can be issued only by individuals assesses, whereas request in Form 13 can be submitted by any person i.e. individual, partnership firm, company, etc. to the ASSESSING OFFICER to get approval for deduction of taxes at lower or NIL rate.

There is this major misconception that refund of excess TDS is different from income tax refund and is called as TDS refund. However, the fact is that there is only one kind of return which you claim while filing your annual income tax return. Nowadays, it is compulsory to quote bank account details such as account number and IFSC code while filing of return and non-entering of such details will not generate a valid .xml file. In case if someone has deducted more tax than he should have deducted, then income tax refund will arise which can be claimed upon the filing of your annual income tax return.

For example, you own a goods transport agency and yours is a proprietorship firm. You presented an invoice of Rs 50,000/- and the person paying freight paid you a net amount of Rs 49,000/- (after deducting tax of Rs 1,000/- @ 2% under section 194C). In this case, the deductor deducted tax @ 2% instead of 1% and hence deducted excess TDS by Rs 500/-. This excess TDS will arise as a refund in the income tax return.

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